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  • Writer's pictureJohn Larrimer

What Happens at a Workers' Comp Hearing?

Workers' compensation can be frightening for many people because a workers' compensation hearing is frequently a person's first interaction with the judicial system. In terms of how to dress, where to go, what to do, and how to engage with the judge, people are unaware of what to anticipate.

Overall, workers' compensation disputes frequently result in a settlement between the employee and the employer's insurance provider, but if the parties cannot reach an agreement amicably, a hearing may be required.

A workers' compensation hearing and a trial are similar, but the former doesn't include a jury, and the latter is subject to different laws. Overall, a compensation hearing is similar to a civil trial in which both parties must appear before the court and provide evidence through documents and eyewitnesses. The case is presented for a decision in front of the hearing officer to determine the workers' compensation claim.

What to Do Before a Workers' Compensation Hearing

What to Do Before a Workers' Compensation Hearing

There will probably be additional proceedings and court dates before the case hearing before a workers' comp judge. This typically involves mediation and a pretrial conference, at the very least. With the assistance of an impartial third party, the employee and the insurance company will attempt to negotiate a settlement during mediation.

The workers can discuss details with the judge and legal representatives of the insurance company during a pretrial session. They can keep attempting to reach an agreement through negotiation to get fair workers' compensation. With workermans compensation attorneys in Columbus, the worker won't have to attend every preliminary hearing. While the workers usually have to go to mediation, it's possible that they won't need to be there for a pretrial conference.

In essence, the worker and the insurance company representative should gather evidence such as medical records, unpaid medical bills, expert reports, and other employment records depositions before attending the workers' comp hearing.

Gathering Discovery

Gathering evidence for a court hearing, typically written documents, is known as discovery. The discovery packets are presented to the judge for review along with those of the insurance provider. In workers' compensation cases, this will typically contain documentation of lost income, health records and bills, expert witness testimony, and employment records.

Remember that it's crucial to inform the opposing counsel well in advance of the hearing about the papers to hand to the judge. Most states also call for the prior delivery of copies of the opposing side. If the worker violates discovery procedures, the judge may exclude the evidence and rule it inadmissible.

The Workers' Comp Hearing Process

Most of the time, insurers will approve a claim and immediately start providing benefits. An insurer may, however, contest a claim for several reasons. It could dispute that the employee was hurt, think the accident didn't happen while the employer's insurance was in force, or any number of other possibilities.

Board employees who are case investigators and conciliators will try to resolve the case first. If they are unable to, the board will schedule hearings before a judge who specializes in workers' compensation law. All the pieces of evidence, earnings, and medical records are considered by the court before deciding on a resolution and the size of any reward.

The workers' comp lawyer or the insurance company's lawyer will argue their case in front of the hearing officer to determine if the worker is eligible for MMI while working his normal job duties. Most workers comp hearings can go on for several hours because the process will include going through the evidence, sensitive or confidential information provided, and evaluating other witnesses.

When Does the Judge Offer a Ruling?

The judge won't rule immediately at the hearing. Instead, the judge looks over the evidence, weighs all the testimony, and then writes a judgment after considering all the data.

Overall, the parties discuss every pertinent aspect of the case during a worker's compensation hearing. Each side presents its position on each topic to the judge. The judge then directs additional action or renders a decision on the record. Regardless of the final decision, it is mailed to the worker's comp attorney. The losing party has the right to appeal the judge's ruling by requesting additional review by the workers' comp board.

Any testimony offered to the workers' comp board by the injured employee or witnesses is made under oath. The decisions of the board may also impact a civil case resulting from the same work accident.

What If the Hearing Is Not in the Worker's Favor?

If the ruling isn't in favor of the workers, they can file an appeal. The filing deadlines vary in every state, so the appeal procedures take up to two weeks, depending on the quick message and data rates. Appeals can be made to the Supreme Court and Appellate Division outside the board by the concerned party.

Who Can Attend a Workers' Comp Hearing?

The common parties that attend a worker's compensation hearing include the judge, the injured worker, and a representative from the insurance company. If the injured worker has hired a workers' comp attorney, the worker's comp attorney will also be present at the hearing. The parties may occasionally summon witnesses to testify at the hearing. All the statements will be recorded digitally by the board during the hearing process.

Overall, the people who attend a workers' comp hearing process include:

  • a person involved in the workers' compensation hearing

  • insurance company's lawyer

  • workers' comp lawyer

  • workers' compensation judge

  • a court reporter

How to Testify in a Workers Comp Claim Case

It is possible that the worker fighting for his workers' comp benefits will have to testify at the workers' comp hearing under oath and tell the truth about everything involved in the workers' comp claim. During the industrial commission hearings, the judge looks for factual information, so any untruthful, rude, or evasive answers will hurt the case. If the worker has hired a lawyer, they will prepare the worker for the questions that the judge may ask.

What Types of Questions Does the Hearing Officer Ask?

  • How did the injury occur?

  • What was the worker doing at the time of the injury?

  • How long did the worker work that job?

  • Did the worker report the injury to the employer?

  • When did the worker start the medical treatment?

  • Were there any lost wages because of the injury?

  • Why did the worker start the treat so late?

  • Did the employer provide protection equipment?

  • Does the medical history reflect any other injuries like this one?

Should an Individual Contact a Law Firm Before the Hearing?

A workers' comp hearing is sometimes too difficult for injured workers to tackle independently. They must persuade the judge during this hearing using legal arguments and supporting documentation that they are entitled to a specific amount of workers' comp benefits.

The workers should contact a law firm for a free case evaluation to get an idea about how to act further to get fair compensation. Most law firms provide a free consultation for the hearing to make the worker understand how the proceedings will take place and the benefits of hiring a lawyer to prevent the insurance company from ripping off the workers.

A lawyer will ensure that the workers have the necessary proof to present to the judge. Worker's comp laws lower the cost of employing lawyers, so hiring an attorney is the best course of action in such cases.

Why Should People Request a Hearing for Worker's Compensation?

Normally, the board will only schedule a hearing in a workers' compensation case when there is a dispute. A workers' compensation claimant might never get a hearing in rare circumstances. It is important to request a hearing if the worker is not compensated fairly in case he gets injured while working on the job.

The insurance company or injured worker must submit a Request for Further Action to the board in order to request a hearing. When the insurance company has submitted a treatment denial, for example, the Board may unilaterally schedule the case for a hearing. However, requesting a hearing is usually necessary for resolving the dispute.

What Documents Are Required at the Hearing?

What Documents Are Required at the Hearing?

The parties involved and the judge will review the documents in the electronic case folder during a workers' compensation hearing. Access to the "E-Case" electronic case folder is restricted to a party of record. Prior judgments, requests for medical treatment, and medical documents are all included in the computerized case folder.

Moreover, the severity of the injured worker's disability and the carrier's refusal to provide required treatment are typical issues that are determined at a workers' compensation hearing. Additionally, the degree of the injured worker's permanent handicap is a further question that is frequently determined during a hearing.


A workers' compensation hearing's outcome frequently rests on the skill of the injured worker's attorney. Overall, a knowledgeable workers' compensation lawyer familiar with the law and the workers' compensation procedure can help the case reach a more agreeable conclusion. It is best to prepare for the hearing in advance to anticipate any questions that might come across in the proceedings.

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